This essay was written as part of a course I took on Political Philosophy at IIT Kanpur. Here, I examine whether death penalty is justified as a mode of punishment or not, specifically in the Indian context. 1. Introduction Capital punishment (or death penalty) has been a matter of debate for over centuries now. As of November 2015, 140 i.e nearly two-thirds of the countries around the world have abolished the death penalty in law or practice.